December 2018 PAWG PD Newsletter

Editor: 1st Lt Joshua M. Nussbaum, Assistant PAWG Director of Professional Development

It's Bittersweet: Tom Brown Moves On

2019 Training Weekend 1

PDOs Develop the Rest of the Community!

Specialty Track Spotlight: Logistics

A Brief History of TAPS



It's Bittersweet: Tom Brown Moves On

Lt Col Brown served as the PAWG/DPD from 28 Mar 2016 to 21 Nov 2018. In this time, he trained several Assistant Wing DPD, ensured all Group PDO positions were filled and functioning, and developed the training weekend concept. The training weekends, which were held three times over the past year, allowed PD courses to share staff so that members can spend more time with their families. He went out of his way to create the one-day Squadron Leadership School, with consultation from NHQ. He is continuing this relationship with NHQ to continue making the SM PD Courses more intuitive and beneficial. Lt Col Brown also piloted the new Unit Commander Course, which was staffed only by those with successful Squadron and Group Command experience. The courses under Lt Col Brown's scope trained Senior Members from not only Pennsylvania, but also graduated members from Delaware, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Virginia, West Virginia, and Washington DC.

This photo is one of the countless courses Lt Col Brown worked on. Here, he is posing with the graduates of the 2016 PAWG Corporate Learning Course in Bellefonte, PA. Lt Col Brown is in the first row, second from the right.

In 2018 alone, under Brown's leadership:

  • 36 SM graduated from SLS
  • 26 graduated from CLC
  • 19 graduated from UCC
  • 37 graduated from TLC Basic
  • 26 graduated from TLC Intermediate

Additionally, during Lt Col Brown's dynasty as the Wing DPD:

  • 102 SM earned the Yeager Award and 1 earned the Crossfield Medal
  • 745 SM earned Level 1
  • 510 earned Level 2
  • 421 earned Level 3
  • 14 earned Level 4
  • 9 earned Level 5

There's more! In Brown's tenure as the PAWG DPD:

  • 16 SM earned the Technician rating in the PD specialty track
  • 4 earned the Senior rating
  • 5 earned the Master rating

Lt Col Brown is going to continue on as an Assistant Director of Professional Development for the Wing, as the Warren Squadron's Commander and the Group 6 Chief of Staff. He is an Air Force veteran (former Major), retired schoolteacher and administrator, and holds the Gil Robb Wilson Award (Level 5). Thank you, Lt Col Brown, for your time, sacrifcies, leadership, and service!

2019 Training Weekend 1- West

The first Training Weekend of 2019 will be 23-24 March 2019 at the Laurel Technical Institute, which is at 2370 Broadway Ave, Hermitage, PA 16148. We plan to offer the following courses:

  • One-Day Squadron Leadership School (SLS)
  • Corporate Learning Course (CLC)
  • Unit Commander Course (UCC)
  • Training Leaders of Cadets Basic (TLC)- in conjunction with Cadet Programs
  • Training Leaders of Cadets Intermediate (TLC)- in conjunction with Cadet Programs

We will send out more information as details are finalized, but the date and location are now "in stone." Please send your senior members to these PD courses!

Can't make it to the March Training Weekend? The next Training Weekend will be held toawrd the end of July near Fort Indiantown Gap (date and location still TBD).

If you're interested in serving as a course director or on staff, please email Lt Col Tom Brown.

Remember: Senior Member duty performance promotions are now tied directly to the successful completeion of progressing PD Levels. You must increase your PD level to continue promoting!

PDOs Develop the Rest of the Community!

The wing PD staff wants to emphasize the importance of mentoring and recommend that the PDO community is the first step and the source for mentors for the squadrons. By that,squadron PDO is the first mentor of a new senior member! Cementing this foundation is critical as it helps new members navigate through Level 1.

Then, the squadron PDOs should know all the SENIOR and MASTER rated folks in the squadron, group, and wing for each track in their area. This encourages a connection between a new member who is interested in a specialty track and that grizzled veteran. PDOs need to be fluent with the Reports module in E-Services (it's a requirement to attain Technician!) and be familiar with the different types of reports and which ones provide given information.

Submitted by Capt Naor Wallach, PAWG Assistant Director of Professional Development

Specialty Track Spotlight: Logistics

Logistics Badge

We interviewed Maj Lenny LaMantia, who holds a Master rating in the Logistics specialty. He completed Level 3 of the PD program in 2014 and also holds Technician ratings in Command, Emergency Services, and Professional Development. Maj LaMantia is a veteran of the United States Navy. a graduate of Temple University, and is retired after a long, successful career at Westinghouse. Here is what we asked and what he had to say:

Professional Development Team (PD): What attracted you to Logistics?
Lenny LaMantia (LM): When I first joined CAP, I wasn’t sure of what I could do to be of help to the squadron. After talking to the Squadron Commander, it became evident that, at the time, his need was a Supply/Transportation Officer. So it wasn’t so much as an attraction to Logistics, but a position that needed to be filled.


PD: What specifically do you do as a Logisitics Officer? (i.e. supply officer, transportation officer)

(LM): Currently, I am the Logistics Officer (LGT), Professional Development Officer, and Testing Officer for Group 5. I am also the LGT Director for Hawk Mountain Ranger School. I also serve as Safety Officer for Sqdn 714 (Jimmy Stewart) and Professional Development Officer for Sqdn 125 (Armstrong County).


PD: Have you been able to chat with other Logistics Officers in the Wing? What ideas do you guys have to make CAP a better organization?

LM: Unfortunately, no, at least not on a regular basis. Owing to the size of the state, it is difficult to get together except at the Wing Conference. But, if a squadron needs something, we do our best to communicate that need and to fill it. But as far as getting together as a group to brainstorm, it just doesn’t happen. But, it should!


Maj LaMantia profile picture

PD: What have been some common threads in your experiences as a Logistics Officer?

LM: I have noticed that the most common thread, in my 16-year CAP career is that no matter what our specialty tracks or interests are, in a time of need, we all pull together for the common good. Whether it’s flooding in the south, hurricane storm assessment in the east or along the Gulf coast, snow removal in northwestern PA; or whether it is ground teams, aircrews, or mission base interests, we all pull together and act as one awesome outfit.


PD: What advice would you give to those training in the Logistics Specialty Track?

LM: Pick a knowledgeable mentor, it means a lot in your progression through the different levels to reach Master. It’s not as easy as it was a few years ago but still not that difficult to accomplish. But you must also read! Read, read, read, but above all else – ASK QUESTIONS!!

PD: What was your proudest moment being a CAP Logistics Officer?

LM: I would say the most rewarding, not proudest, moment was after being appointed Logistics/Supply Officer, I was able to complete an inventory of uniforms that the squadron had on hand. I was then able to issue uniforms to cadets and seniors (as much as possible)! But, understand that supply is, at best, a fluid commodity, meaning that it is always changing.


Thank you for letting us interview you!

A Brief History of TAPS

The origin of TAPS goes back to the night of 2 July 1862. The arrangement of TAPS was done by Brigadier General Daniel Butterfield and Private Oliver Norton of the Army of the Potomac. BG Butterfield commanded the 3rd Brigade and Pvt. Norton was the principal bugler from the 83rd PA. but assigned to the 3rd Brigade. The roots of TAPS was based on the last 61/4 measures of No. 8 Tattoo, the original 1835 version of MG Scott's Manual of Infantry Tactics. How this arrangement was done is quite unique as you, the reader, will find out. Prior to 2 July 1862, the Infantry call for TAPS was taken from TrumpetCasey's Tactics.

At this point, let's go back to the last 7 days of June 1862, the Peninsular Campaign: the Capture of the Confederate Capitol of Richmond in VA. General McClellan, Army of the Potomac, versus General Robert E. Lee, Northern Army of Virginia. Note: Robert E. Lee also had a nickname of Marse. His slaves called him "Master" instead of Marse. The importance of the following is to state the circumstances that were present on the evening of that Wednesday, 2 July 1862 at BG Butterfield's field headquarters at Harrison Landing on the Berkeley Plantation in present Charles City, VA. On this night, BG Butterfield ordered Pvt. Norton to play "TAPS". This account will give the reader some insight into Butterfield's mindset of why and how he came up with the creation of TAPS.For MG McClellan, the Seven Days' Peninsula Campaign to capture the Southern Confederate Capitol of Richmond, VA and President Jefferson Davis was most humbling and costly to both sides in terms of casualties and deaths. McClelland was a failure. In addition, Butterfield's 3rd Brigade was slaughtered and more than 600 of his men were killed or wounded in one day at the Battle of Gaines' Mill. On the 2nd day of July at Harrison Landing, amidst the heat, humidity, rain showers, mud, insects, dysentery and illness, BG Butterfield was overwhelmed with sadness. His heart was filled with heavy melancholy over the loss of the many young men and old friends who volunteered for his command and died. Butterfield even suffered a serious wound. This is the motive that inspired Gen. Butterfield to arrange TAPS.

As we further analyze the mindset of BG Butterfield, the question begs answering as to his knowledge of bugle calls. He admitted he could not read nor write music. But like many people, he could hum or whistle a particular bugle call and that was from No. 8 Tattoo. He felt all his commanders should have their own personal bugle call to enhance one's own communication on the battlefield. Remember that Daniel Butterfield was a 28 year old lawyer from Upstate NY when he joined the Army of the Potomac in the rank of colonel. But as we shall see, he knew how to draw the staff lines on paper
and used dashes of various lengths on a staff line to indicate a particular note. But how would you convert what was on brown paper into a musical note. Well, we will see later when he summoned Pvt. Oliver North to his tent night of 2 July 1862.

General Butterfield gets credit for today's TAPS, but he could not have done it without some help. As was mentioned earlier, Pvt. Oliver Norton was assigned to General Butterfield's 3rd Brigade as the the principal bugler. Not too much is known about him except he was a professional and trained in reading and writing music. And he could decode dashes into notes.

And so now the rest of the story can be told. In 1898, an inquiry by The Century Magazine was sent to Major General Butterfield asking for a verification of a letter sent from retired Major Oliver Norton about how today's TAPS was done.
Norton told how Butterfield took a piece of brown envelope, marked out the musical staffs and then inserted short and long dash marks on the staff lines. Now Norton stated he had no previous knowledge of the 1835 Manual of Infantry Tactics from which No. 8 Tattoo was found. Norton said he didn't doubt Butterfield. Norton stated he was the one responsible for decoding the dashes into notes.

So how was the arrangement done? Here are the steps as follows:

  1.  Go back to No. 8 Tattoo to the last 6 1/4 measures. There were 23 notes. TAPS has 24 notes.
  2.  Four of the notes have the so-called "eye brow" with the dot (O) below the eye brow...hold the note for at least 4 - 6 beats. The "eye brow" is placed over four notes.
  3. Slow down the bugle call of 23 notes and make a few changes to the the pitch of a few notes.
  4. Breathe and play exactly as written and observe the dynamic markings for expression. If done correctly, TAPS should take exactly 60 seconds in length. On the night of 2 July 1862, Pvt. Oliver Norton sounded TAPS heard by others and played by other buglers from both Confederate and Union camps.

NOTE: TAPS can be sounded on bugle and trumpet. Today, the electronic bugle is used by all the military services because of so many funeral details. Our own VFW Blair County, PA Honor Guard uses the electronic bugle when I am not available. At the bigger military cemeteries, i.e., Arlington National Cemetery, etc. a real military service trumpeter is used to perform TAPS.

Major General Daniel Butterfield died on 17 July 1901 and is buried in Section XV, West Point Cemetery, West Point - NY.

It has been a pleasure and great honor to have this article published in the PA Wing Professional Development Newsletter for Senior Officers.

Submitted by SMSgt Les W. Hart, CAP


Any Senior Member in PAWG may contribute an article, memo, photo, etc to the PAWG PD Newsletter. We aim to have the newsletter out on or around the last day of every even month:

  • February 28
  • April 30
  • June 30
  • August 31
  • October 31
  • December 31

We will make every reasonable effort possible to include your contribution, including any photos, links, etc in the newsletter. Submissions are subject to minor editing, such as spelling/grammar, redundancy, spacing/appearance, branding, and such. We will let you know if we need to trim any of your submission.

To submit, please send your contribution to 1st Lt Joshua M. Nussbaum, PAWG Assistant Director of Professional Development.


"If we had no winter, the spring would not be so pleasant: if we did not sometimes taste adversity, prosperity would not be so welcome."

Anne Bradstreet